Copper is one of those materials we use all day long in all kinds of ways without ever really noticing or thinking about it. Every time you switch on something electrical, every time you make a phone call, and most of the time when you take a coin out of your pocket to buy something, you are using copper. This versatile metal is used in some pretty high-tech gadgets and machines but it’s also lining the bottom of cooking pans and protecting the Statue of Liberty. It’s one of the oldest metals in common use, dating back something like 10,000 years. Read More


Steel is an alloy of iron and carbon, and sometimes other elements. Because of its high tensile strength and low cost, it is a major component used in buildings, infrastructure, tools, ships, automobiles, machines, appliances, and weapons. Iron is the base metal of steel. Read More


Aluminium is the commonest metal in Earth’s crust, the third most plentiful chemical element on our planet (only oxygen and silicon exist in greater quantity), and the second most popular metal for making things.Learn More


Looking for a handy way of storing electricity in a battery? Think zinc! Not as valuable as platinum or gold, less shiny than silver or copper, zinc is certainly one of the least glamorous metals—right at the end of the alphabet where you don’t notice it. But that doesn’t make it any the less interesting or useful. Read More


lead is a bluish-white lustrous metal. it is very soft, highly malleable, ductile, and a relatively poor conductor of electricity. it is very resistant to corrosion but tarnishes upon exposure to air. lead isotopes are the end products of each of the three series of naturally occurring radioactive elements. Read More


Iron ores are rocks and minerals from which metallic iron can be economically extracted. The ores are usually rich in iron oxides and vary in colour from dark grey, bright yellow, or deep purple to rusty red. The iron is usually found in the form of magnetite, hematite, goethite, limonite or siderite. Read More


Manganese is a chemical element with symbol Mn and atomic number 25. It is not found as a free element in nature; it is often found in minerals in combination with iron. Manganese is a metal with important industrial metal alloy uses, particularly in stainless steels.Read More


Silica Sand is quartz that over time, through the work of water and wind, has been broken down into tiny granules. … Silica (SiO2) is the name given to a group of minerals composed solely of silicon and oxygen.Read More


Quartz is a mineral composed of silicon and oxygen atoms in a continuous framework of SiO₄ silicon–oxygen tetrahedra, with each oxygen being shared between two tetrahedra, giving an overall chemical formula of SiO₂. Quartz is the second most abundant mineral in Earth’s continental crust, behind feldspar. Read More


Ilmenite is a titanium-iron oxide mineral with the idealized formula FeTiO₃. It is a weakly magnetic black or steel-gray solid. From a commercial perspective, ilmenite is the most important ore of titanium. Read More


Dolomite is an anhydrous carbonate mineral composed of calcium magnesium carbonate, ideally CaMg(CO₃)₂. The term is also used for a sedimentary carbonate rock composed mostly of the mineral dolomite. An alternative name sometimes used for the dolomitic rock type is dolostone.Read More


Talc is a clay mineral composed of hydrated magnesium silicate with the chemical formula H₂Mg₃(SiO₃)₄ or Mg₃Si₄O₁₀(OH)₂. In loose form, it is one of the most widely used substances known as baby powder. It occurs as foliated to fibrous masses, and in an exceptionally rare crystal form. Read More


Phosphorite, phosphate rock or rock phosphate is a non-detrital sedimentary rock which contains high amounts of phosphate minerals. The phosphate content of phosphorite varies greatly, Read More


Bitumen, also known as Asphalt , is a sticky, black, and highly viscous liquid or semi-solid form of petroleum. Read More


Polyethylene or polythene is the most common plastic. As of 2017, over 100 million tonnes of polyethylene resins are produced annually, accounting for 34% of the total plastics market. Its primary use is in packaging.Read More


Polypropylene, also known as polypropene, is a thermoplastic polymer used in a wide variety of applications.Read More


Polyvinyl chloride is the world’s third-most widely produced synthetic plastic polymer.Read More


Polybutadiene [butadiene rubber BR] is a synthetic rubber. Polybutadiene rubber is a polymer formed from the polymerization of the monomer 1,3-butadiene.Read More


A chemical substance is a form of matter having constant chemical composition and characteristic properties. It cannot be separated into components by physical separation methods,Read More